Optimizing Screening and Support Services for Victims of Gender-Based Violence and Human Trafficking in India – India
In India, trafficking in persons (TIP) cases have increased since 2019 alongside a decline in conviction rates. This raises valid questions about existing gaps in the screening and identification process and procedure, and how best to strengthen existing service systems. A key question underlying this research was whether to integrate or separate services for victims of trafficking and gender-based violence (GBV) and thus ensure that victims have better access to services. Research conducted in India identified the absence of standard protocols and indicators for the identification and screening of victims of human trafficking and gender-based violence, gaps in the legal framework to address the causes of trafficking human beings, geographic inequalities in the availability of services where services exist largely in cities, and numerous barriers to accessing services by victims. As insufficient funding and resource constraints are major barriers to effective service delivery, consideration should be given to integrating services provided to victims of TIP and GBV. This study presents in-depth research on the current state of tracing and identification services and the possibility of integrating victim services.