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IAEA Board of Governors Meeting – Agenda Item 7

IAEA Board of Governors Meeting – Agenda Item 7 – Iran (JCPOA)

Statement from the United States delivered by Ambassador Laura SH Holgate
Vienna, Austria, September 13, 2022

Chair,

The United States thanks the Director General for his September 7 report on the verification and monitoring of the JCPOA in Iran. We appreciate the tremendous efforts and continued dedication of the DG, Deputy DG for Safeguards and their staff in discharging the Agency’s core responsibilities related to the JCPOA in Iran. The DG’s detailed, factual, and timely reports on these issues are essential to the international community’s understanding of Iran’s nuclear program.

As the DG’s report makes clear, Iran continues to significantly expand its nuclear program beyond the limits of the JCPOA. Despite our sincere efforts for a mutual return to the full implementation of the JCPOA, Iran continues to intensify its nuclear activities, including increasing its enrichment capability through the deployment of new advanced centrifuges and the accumulation of more large quantities of highly enriched uranium. Iran’s production of up to 60% highly enriched uranium has no credible peaceful purpose. No other country today uses 60% enriched uranium for the purpose claimed by Iran – precisely to avoid such proliferation risks.

Despite Iran’s continued escalations, we have remained steadfast in our efforts to return to the JCPOA, which is a vital instrument to address the international community’s long-standing concerns over Iran’s nuclear program. We are ready to quickly implement an agreement on a mutual return to full implementation of the JCPOA. What we lack is a willing partner in Iran. Should Iran choose to join us, a mutual return to the implementation of the JCPOA would be an important achievement of international diplomacy and would mark a new opportunity to build confidence in Iran’s nuclear program in the future. We remain committed to working with our allies and partners to achieve this outcome if Iran is willing to do so.

Chair,

IAEA verification and oversight is the foundation on which a return to full implementation of the JCPOA must be built. The United States again commends the Director General and his team for their continued efforts and professionalism in engaging Tehran on JCPOA verification and oversight matters, as well as urgent and outstanding safeguards matters that will be dealt with later in the agenda. In this context, we note with concern the DG’s conclusion that Iran’s decision to end the JCPOA’s verification and oversight measures has impaired the Agency’s ability to ensure the peaceful nature of Iran’s nuclear program . We also take note of the DG’s assessment that, in the event of a mutual return to full implementation of the JCPOA, Iran should provide the declarations, data and access identified by the Agency to restore a base benchmark and enable the Agency to fulfill its surveillance mission. and verification mandate under the JCPOA.

Chair,

We have long stressed the importance of adequate resources for the IAEA’s essential verification and monitoring role in Iran. We welcome continued contributions of financial support to these important efforts and were pleased to announce previous US contributions. A mutual return to the implementation of the JCPOA would lead to expanded work for the IAEA in resuming the necessary verification and monitoring of Iran’s nuclear commitments under the agreement. We fully appreciate the financial demands of these increased responsibilities and will continue to join other Member States in providing the IAEA with the necessary resources for this important mission. With these comments, the United States notes the DG’s report contained in GOV/2022/39, as well as the DG’s interim reports contained in GOV/INF/2022 13, 14, 15, 16, 17, 18, and 19. We request that these reports be made public, in accordance with long-established practice, so that there can be a clear international understanding of the facts reported by the Director-General.